6 main obstacles of god cognition

Believe to god from Islam point of view is the root of achieving maturity of humanity and main moral virtues and come off believe to god is providing to knowledge and cognition.

Now we want to know what factors are obstacle to our achieving the god cognition that we get to it in this text:

1. Obedience from caprice (Sensualizing)

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Obedience of caprice means opposition with reason, canon or moral conscience command. One of the tempers and forces which has effect on practical tact or method of human practical thinking which comprises the meaning of good, bad, benefaction, evil, right, wrong, necessary, not necessary, duty, task and what we should do now and what we shouldn’t is outburst of caprice, lusts and feelings of obstinacy and fanaticism and like these, because the scope and zone of practical tact of human is related to act of human which is zone of feelings and sentiments and lusts. it’s in a narrative Imam Sadegh (peace be upon him) said: «الهوی عدو العقل»(1) lust and caprice are tact’s enemies.

Lord of believers Ali (peace be upon him) said: «الهوی شریك العمی» (2) in this priceless words of Imam, passion is introduced as compeer to blindness and it means caprice ruins the cognition strength of human.

2. World affection

One of the <> roots is attaching and falling in love with luster of world. When the flame of this fire flare in the heart of human, pull him/her to avarice and esurience of material endowment of world, like agog lovers regardless of logical thought, struggle continuously and pollute him/herself with this marsh day by day.

It could be said that beyond the measure love disorganize the cognitive and cognition faculties of person. Whenever a person love someone, dignity or something extremely and consumedly, cannot see its shortages and harms and accept. And cannot hear its opponents words. Amir’al moemenin Ali (peace be upon him) says: «عین المحب عمیه عن معایب المحبوب و اذنه صماء عن قبح مساویه» (3) eyes of lover is blind against the faults of beloved and its ears are deaf of beloved’s obscenity.

Stable characteristics effect the human’s ego and its decisions. Who ornaments his ego with virtues will have proper choice in position of determining and action and who has polluted its ego with vices and malevolencies would be deprived of right choosing at action position. Arrogance, egotism and self-satisfaction are some of these characteristics.

3. Superficial glance

Superficial glance and prudery prevent the truth deep cognition. Ones who are diagnosed with hurried judgment and suffice to their supposition in judgment, won’t achieve certain and stable cognition and would be deprived of recognition of superior truths than sense.

Quran Karim knows reliance on suspicion cause of reliance in several cases. Multiple verses introduced the origin of polytheism of polytheist conformity from suspicion and doubt.

Other antitype of superficial glance and prudery is confidence in appearance senses and sufficing to them. Sense-oriented persons deny unsensational action which senses are not able to recognize. Israelis were prude and sense-oriented people. They got fouled by Samaritan due to having extremely confidence in their senses and assumed an unable statue their idol. They were defrauded by Samaritan because when they heard the voice of statue, assumed it as a sign of vita and enough. Almighty god judge about this Israel’s action as follows: «افلا یرون الا یرجع الیهم قولا و لا یملك لهم ضرا و لا نفعا» (5) don’t you see calf doesn’t answer their question and unprofitable to them.

Indeed god blame them in this verse why didn’t they contemplate their observations and didn’t ask themselves why this calf is unable to answer our question and didn’t ask themselves: how an object which doesn’t have any profit for us can be our idol? Israel’s Superficial glance and credulity is condemned is this verse.

4. Thinking habits and imitation of ancestors

Human establish their life on their specific believe over human and universe and this believes are fundament of their life and desires and ideals. It is difficult to turn these believes. Because their alteration is against the people’s thought and practical habits. Different kinfolk’s resistance against the prophets’ apostolate is an aspect of this difficulty. : «فلما جاءهم موسی بایاتنا بینات قالوا ما هذا الاسحر مفتری و ما سمعنا بهذا فی آبائنا الاولین» (6) thus when Moses came to them with our clear verses (signs) they said: this not anything but an artificial witchery and magic and we haven’t heard such a thing from our ancestors.

Ones who used to a method and style of thinking and living can analyze it hardly and this status, unreason thoughts may be accepted and no one notice to its incorrectness.

5. Carnal vices

Stable characteristics effect the human’s ego and its decisions. Who ornaments his ego with virtues will have proper choice in position of determining and action and who has polluted its ego with vices and malevolencies would be deprived of right choosing at action position. Arrogance, egotism and self-satisfaction are some of these characteristics.

Superficial glance and prudery prevent the truth deep cognition. Ones who are diagnosed with hurried judgment and suffice to their supposition in judgment, won’t achieve certain and stable cognition and would be deprived of recognition of superior truths than sense.

Amira’l momenin (peace be upon him) said: «العجب یفسد العقل» (7) vanity ruins the wisdom. Vanity and arrogance ruin the right cognition power and is plague of wisdom and human’s tact. Leader Imam Ali (peace be upon him) said to his dear children Imam Hasan Mojtaba: «و اعلم ان الاعجاب ضدالصواب و آفه الالباب» (8) be aware that self-admiration is hostile of right vote and locution.

6. Evil, Lucifer, etc.

Allah says about pagans and nature lovers in Quran: evil has got dominated on them and stole the remembrance of god, they’re the evil’s party. Be aware that Satan’s party is loser.

All Satan’s strife is to take away the asset of Allah-desiring from human and who lose this possession, will forget itself. This verse (sign) refers to Satan’s conspiracy against the human which wants to dominate on him and take away his asset.

Last word:

As it was cited; Sensualizing leads to opposition with wisdom and tact and this issue plus world’s love, imitation of ancestors, carnal vices, superficial look, and all together lead to non-receipt to god cognition.

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