Kosovo has been at the heart of controversy in the Western Balkans, facing both internal crises between ethnic Albanian and Serbian communities as well as disputes with Belgrade, which does not recognize Pristina.
While Kosovo’s 2008 unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia is recognized by over 100 countries, including the U.S., Britain, France, Germany and Turkey, tension between Belgrade and Pristina has risen to its highest level since the EU tried to normalize relations in 2011.
The main focus of 2017’s early election is on Kosovo’s former Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj who was detained in France in January, accused of committing war crimes in June 1999 when he was the commander of Kosovo Liberation Army.
Serbia demanded his extradition but French courts have rejected the demand.
Haradinaj was later released on bail pending court proceedings.
On Sunday, nearly two million voters will select Kosovo’s new government from among 19 political parties, five pre-election alliances and two civil initiatives. Thousands of international observers will also monitor voting.
Campaigning ended on Friday.
One of two major pre-election alliances in the election is the PDK coalition led by Haradinaj.
The PDK, which includes important political parties such as the Kosovo Democratic Party (PDK), the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK) and the Initiative for Kosovo (NISMA), is one of the electoral favorites.
It was founded by Kosovo’s current President Hashim Thaci.
Haradinaj, under the slogan of a “new start”, promises to improve the country’s health system, economy and production as well as attracting investors from the Kosovo diaspora and abolishing corruption while fighting crime and terror.
The 48-year-old was one of the key figures in the former Kosovo Liberation Army during the 1998-1999 war with Serb forces. He still serves as the head of the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo.
He was Kosovo’s premier from December 2004 to March 2005, when he stood down to face war crimes charges at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. He was twice acquitted.
However, as Haradinaj announced his candidacy for the next four-year term, a fresh dispute broke out between Kosovo and Serbia.
Haradinaj has said if he wins there will be no place for Serbia nor for Serbian-dominated municipalities in Kosovo.
Serbian Minister of Internal Affairs Nebojsa Stefanovic slammed Haradinaj’s statement saying: “The Albanian side not only tries to make the process of normalization of the relations with Belgrade meaningless but seeks to demonstrate that Serbs have no place neither in Kosovo nor in Metohija.”
Haradinaj earlier told broadcaster TV Rrokum that Serbia should delete Kosovo from its constitution.
“Otherwise Kosovo will reciprocally add one third of the Serb land to its map,” he added.
– War legacy
On Wednesday, Haradinaj said he wanted new Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic and acting Prime Minister Ivica Dacic to apologize to Kosovo for crimes committed during the 1998-1999 war.
“I knew also their bosses [Slobodan] Milosevic and [Vojislav] Seselj. They are their students. They should stand before Albanians with their heads bowed down, considering what they did to them. Apologizing is the first thing they should do,” Haradinaj said.
Dacic reacted angrily on Wednesday. In an interview with Sputnik he said: “We should apologize to whom? To Haradinaj, who belongs in prison, serving a long sentence? We should apologize for what? For not giving up on showing the whole world that he, who has participated in crimes, must be prosecuted and end up behind bars?”
“What should I apologize for? I didn’t commit crimes. He committed crimes. He and his men were slaughtering, murdering, beheading,” Vucic said.
Another Kosovo alliance running for office is the LDK coalition led by Avdullah Hoti.
The LDK coalition includes the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), the New Kosovo Alliance (AKR) and Alternativa.
Hoti’s coalition promises to continue Serbia-Kosovo dialogue, which was initiated in 2011 by the European Union, as they believe that Serbian recognition of Kosovo should be the ultimate goal of talks.
Hoti’s key electoral promises include economic development and prosperity. EU and NATO membership are also among Hoti’s four-year plans.
Voters will be able to cast their ballots between 7.00 a.m. – 7.00 p.m. local time (0500-1700GMT).
The first unofficial results are expected to be announced at midnight.