Saad El-Din Rafik Al-Hariri (born 18 April 1970) is a Lebanese-Saudi and French Sunni Muslim politician who has been the Prime Minister of Lebanon since December 2016. After three years living overseas, he returned to Lebanon on 8 August 2014. He was also the Prime Minister from November 2009 to June 2011. He is the second son of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafic Hariri, who was assassinated in 2005. Hariri has also been the leader of the Future Movement party since 2005. He is seen as “the strongest figurehead” of the March 14 Alliance. After three years living overseas, he returned to Lebanon on 8 August 2014 and he was designated Prime Minister on 3 November 2016. Hariri’s surprise announcement of an intent to resign, broadcast on the 4 November 2017 on the Saudi state TV, has widely been seen as part of the Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict in Lebanon, and triggered a dispute between Lebanon and Saudi Arabia.
Saad Hariri was born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on 18 April 1970, and is the son of Rafic Hariri and his first wife Nidal Bustani, an Iraqi. In addition to his native Arabic, Hariri speaks English and French. He graduated in 1992 from the McDonough School of Business at Georgetown University with a major in Business Administration. He then returned to Saudi Arabia where he managed part of his father’s business in Riyadh until his father’s assassination in 2005.
Prior to entering politics, Hariri served as the chairman of the executive committee of Oger Telecom, which pursues telecommunication interests in the Middle East and Africa from 1994 to 2005. In addition, Hariri was the chairman of Omnia Holdings and a board member of Oger International Entreprise de Travaux Internationaux, Saudi Oger, Saudi Investment Bank, Saudi Research and Marketing Group and Future Television.
On 20 April 2005, the Hariri family announced that Saad Hariri would lead the Future Movement, an essentially Sunni movement that was created and led by his late father. He is also the leader of the March 14 Alliance, a coalition of political groups born out of the Cedar Revolution which, through mass popular demonstrations and Western support, led to the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon in 2005 after a 29-year presence.
Hariri was prime minister from 9 November 2009 until 13 June 2011.
On 12 January 2011, minutes after Hariri posed for pictures with President Barack Obama in the Oval Office, the opposition parties resigned from his unity government cabinet, in protest at the inability of the government to take detrimental decisions, causing its collapse. The withdrawal of Hezbollah and its allies was due to political tensions arising from investigations into the assassination of Rafic Hariri. Hezbollah operatives had been accused of the assassination of Rafic Hariri.
Hariri continued on for four months as caretaker Prime Minister. The new Lebanese government was formed on 13 June 2011 and headed by Najib Mikati. Mikati created a 8 March-led government coalition.
On 12 December 2012, Syria issued a warrant for the arrest of Hariri, Future bloc deputy Okab Sakr and Free Syrian Army official Louay Almokdad on charges of arming and providing financial support for Syrian opposition groups. Hariri released a statement in response, describing Bashar Assad as a “monster”.
Following more than two years of deadlock in electing a president, Michel Aoun was elected. Shortly after, Aoun signed a decree appointing Hariri as prime minister for the second time and he took office on 18 December 2016.
In 2007, French President Jacques Chirac awarded Saad Hariri the Legion d’Honneur.
Saad Hariri born in 1970 in Riyadh is the second son of Lebanese assassinated Prime Minister Rafic Hariri and his first wife Nidal Bustani, an Iraqi. He has an older brother Bahaa Hariri (born 1967) and another brother Houssam Hariri who died young in a traffic accident. After his parents divorced, his father married Nazik Hariri (née Nazik Audi) in 1976. Saad Hariri has two half brothers and one half-sister from his father’s second marriage: Ayman Hariri, a brother (born 1978), Fahd Hariri, a brother (born c. 1980/81) and Hind Hariri, a sister (born 1984).
Hariri holds dual citizenship, Lebanese and Saudi Arabian. He married Lara Al Azem in 1998. His wife is the daughter of Bashir Al Azem, an influential and wealthy Syrian construction magnate. Saad Hariri has three children: Houssam (born 1999), Loulwa (born 2001), and Abdulaziz (born 2005).
Hariri lived in Paris, France, from 2011 to 2014 for safety reasons, but returned to Lebanon on 8 August 2014.
In 2011, he was said to be the 595th richest person in the world with a net worth of $2 billion. As of November 15, 2017 his net worth was estimated at $1 billion.