History

The Fatimid Caliphate

Follow The most stable of the successor dynasties founded in the ninth and tenth centuries was that of the Fatimids, a branch of Shi’is. The ...

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Ayyubid dynasty

Follow The Ayyubid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt. The dynasty ruled much of the Middle ...

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The Seljuk Turks

Follow Seljuk, also spelled Seljuq, ruling military family of the Oğuz (Ghuzz) Turkic tribes that invaded southwestern Asia in the 11th century and eventually founded ...

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The Hijra

Follow After Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) had preached publicly for more than a decade, the opposition to him reached such ...

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Ottoman Empire

Follow During the second Mongol invasion, Tamerlane had met and very nearly annihilated another rising power: the Ottomans. Under a minor chieftain named Othman, groups ...

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The Abbasid Caliphate

Follow In the Middle East, during these centuries, the ‘Abbasids, after their victory over the Umayyads, had transformed the Umayyads’ Arab empire into a multinational ...

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The Umayyad Caliphate

Follow The Umayads were the first Muslim dynasty — that is, they were the first rulers of the Islamic Empire to pass down power within ...

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